The WHO and other health-related agencies were alarmed a few years ago after increasing obesity cases globally. In fact, the data are given by the WHO so state, as in 2014 over 13% of the world’s adult population (11% of men and 15% of women) were obese.
Obesity already affects more than 600 million people in the world and in Spain the number of people suffering from it is also increasing, especially among children. All prevention is little to mitigate the problem and prevent more serious diseases from developing as a result of obesity.
Consequences of the disease
The WHO studies state that the disease affects both women and men alike and that it is not just something from industrialized countries. While the obese are numerous, there are also in other countries, and that men tend to have higher rates of overweight but women have somewhat higher rates of obesity.
The consequences of obesity pose a significant risk to health because it increases cholesterol, increases cardiovascular disease, increases diabetes, hypertension, brain related and also serious chronic diseases.
There are certain causes, some internal and others external that are produced by bad eating habits and general health.
One of the essential factors in becoming obese is genetics, as some studies have concluded that less than 10% of the children of thin parents are obese and more than 80% of children whose parents are obese are also obese. The correlation between parents and children is very prominent but that does not mean that it can not be prevented, both for parents and children.
A bad diet
Another direct and responsible factor in developing obesity is related to nutrition. Poor nutrition favors the fact that a person can end up having obesity and this usually happens with the overfeeding that affects mainly to developed countries. Foods rich in fats and sugars are largely responsible for obesity. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and fish can prevent disease.
Bad general habits
Industrialized societies have many stimuli (television, video games, and the internet) to establish some rather sedentary habits. This directly affects children who spend hours sitting in front of these screens, which promotes unhealthy habits, the main causes of obesity. Sport and a healthy lifestyle are the basis for obesity to pass.
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Many of the obesities develop due to the influence of the central nervous system. There are alterations in the metabolism of serotonin and dietary intake, by stress, anxiety, and others that cause many people to end up eating more than necessary. Adequate treatment is necessary.
Prevention of obesity
Proper nutrition helps prevent obesity. It is vital to rely on a diet consisting of fruits and vegetables, as well as legumes, whole grains and nuts; Plus fish, and some red meat.
It is best to leave the processed and those foods that carry carbohydrates, fats, and sugars. In the same way we have to regulate the drinks, that is to say, substitute for water or natural juices, gas soft drinks and others that carry caffeine.
Another measure is to perform a daily physical activity. Weekly exercise and sport help you have a healthier life. This is feasible not only at home but also in the workplace.
Children should do one hour a day of exercise, and they currently have it easy with a number of sports they can do. When there is no time, healthy living should be encouraged by walking, running, climbing stairs and moving in a general manner.
When obesity is related to the psyche, we should be in treatment to know the factors that are being responsible for a person to overeat.
This also involves the use of drugs, which must be prescribed by the doctor, but never take medicines that serve to lose weight, as it can have serious consequences.