The most frequent diseases of the skin

Before the minor change in the appearance of our skin, either in moles or by the appearance of rashes, we must consult with the specialist to obtain a reliable diagnosis

The skin is the most visible human organ and one of the most important. This living layer between man and his environment not only protects but also is responsible for communicating sensations, expressions and is the cover that, although it will never define the book, allows to demonstrate care and self-love.

The skin is involved in all the activities that take place on a daily basis. Caring for her, therefore, is more than an act of health, an action of responsibility of each person with her body.

The first successful decision to fulfill this objective is to find out about the diseases that may affect it and thus integrate some actions that may protect it or, where appropriate, contribute to the relief of these. The most common diseases that can be found are the following :

Skin cancer

It manifests when cancer cells are integrated into the tissues, since they multiply in a very short time and invade them, beginning in the epidermis that is the upper layer of the skin.

Its main risk factor is ultraviolet rays from sunlight, which produce changes in the DNA of cells that accumulate for a long time. For this reason, the most propitious areas are those that are exposed as the face, neck, hands, and arms.

It can only be treated through three fundamental pillars that are surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, although there are other alternatives. It is recommended not to spend much time exposed to high sun densities, in case the situation is not elective, try to keep the most vulnerable areas covered with sunscreen.

Atopic dermatitis (eczema)

It is an itchy skin inflammation, which can regularly be accompanied by asthma and manifests with eczema that affects any area of the skin. However, it frequently occurs in the arms and in the anterior part of the knees.

Its causes have not been identified and can occur in children during their first year of life. The itching is very intense and may be long-lasting.

To treat it, we recommend personal care measures that reduce or relieve itching, such as applying creams and avoiding soaps, especially those with an odor that is too characteristic, since in some cases it may be evidence of many synthetic chemicals.

Alopecia areata

This disease affects the hair follicles, which are the areas where the hair grows. In most cases, there are some areas in which the hair disappears completely. The diagnosis can be made by the appearance of hairless areas, although in other cases there is a need for biopsies of the affected skin area.

It is more propitious in people who have relatives who have suffered from it since genes are an important factor. It is autoimmune, in this way, it produces antibodies to which the immune system can not eliminate. Photochemotherapy and other alternative therapies can be implemented for their treatment.

Acne

The skin has a series of microscopic pits called pores, and when these are plugged and the sebaceous cells produce too much fat the pores become clogged. If the upper part of the follicle turns white it is called miliary acne and if it turns black it is a black pimple.

The causes can be varied and range from genetic inheritance to excess fat in food. It can also be caused by hormonal changes, which normally occur in adolescence and can trigger some self-esteem problems, especially in the younger population.

It is recommended to avoid breaking them as swelling and wounds may occur which in the long term will leave the skin very marked. To treat it, it is recommended to clean the face with water and some mild soap and in addition, you should always avoid squeezing or scratching.

Scabies

This disease can be caused by mites since they dig into the skin and deposit their eggs in the pores. It can be transmitted from person to person and manifests mainly through itching and rash.

As for recommendations, it is proposed to wash all the clothes with hot water initially, so that the fungi and/or mites found in them can be eliminated, and regularly apply the creams that have been prescribed by the doctor until the problem disappears.

Psoriasis

It is a disease that causes itching and painful patches of reddened skin with some silvery scales. This disease accelerates the process of cell renewal, which causes new cells to appear in a short time and accumulate on the surface.

They can produce, in addition to itching, other discomforts such as pain. It can occur on the scalp, elbows, and knees, among others. In some cases, it persists for a long time and it worsens the dryness of the skin, stress and certain medicines.

Warts

They are produced by a virus ( papilloma ) and are transmitted from skin to skin, keeping a state of latency in case it does not find the right conditions at first.

It can affect any part of the skin and occurs in the form of tumors that are usually not painful. For its treatment, it is recommended to stimulate the immune system with treatments such as some chemicals or Vaseline.

Rosacea

It is a skin condition that can cause redness and swelling. It is believed to be caused by an expansion of the blood vessels, especially the face, which project a blush or natural blushing effect. It can also be hereditary.

Among the causes, some external factors such as increased temperature, intense physical exertion, very cold temperatures and menopause, among others. It is believed that they have no relationship with any bacteria, so only some type of antibiotic that can be oral or directly on the skin is needed, depending on the situation.

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