Main symptoms and causes of prostate enlargement

causes of prostate enlargement

The prostate is a fibromuscular gland of the male genital apparatus: during childhood. It is very small and increases slightly in volume and then grows very quickly after entering puberty until it develops completely around 25 years. Its normal volume is equal to the size of a chestnut. Let’s know the causes of prostate enlargement.

As a result of inflammation, however, the prostate may still swell, causing an increase in glandular volume, common in particular in men between 40 and 60 years of age. Being placed under the bladder, the enlarged prostate exerts pressure on the bladder neck and the urethra, compromising and altering the normal flow of urine.

Causes of prostate enlargement

 causes of prostate enlargement

The increase in prostate volume may present different symptoms, such as:

  • frequent urge to urinate;
  • hematuria, or presence of blood in the urine;
  • interruptions during urination;
  • the weakening of the urine stream;
  • initial difficulties with urination;
  • urinary tract infection;
  • urge to urinate that becomes more frequent at night;
  • difficulty in emptying the bladder completely;

If there are obvious disturbances to urinate, you should inform your doctor to evaluate the investigations and any therapies to be followed.

Symptoms of the enlarged prostate

We have seen that the enlarged prostate is very common in men between 40 and 60 years of age. In fact, the enlargement of the prostate is often linked to changes in the hormonal balance, typical of aging. The gland naturally tends to change its consistency and volume to respond to hormonal variations.

Among other possible causes, inheritance must be borne in mind: the patient’s family history can affect the probability of developing inflammation of the prostate and increases in volume. In more severe cases, the enlarged prostate can be caused by neoplasia, such as prostate gland tumor.

Remedies for the enlarged prostate

Patients can greatly attenuate the symptoms of the enlarged prostate, following small measures. Avoid drinking two hours before going to bed can limit nocturnal stimuli, very frequent in these cases. It is also advisable not to drink coffee and alcoholic beverages which can irritate the bladder and stimulate urine production.

 causes of prostate enlargement

When in the presence of an enlarged prostate, contact your specialist. Together with the doctor you will decide which therapy is best suited to the clinical case in question.

The therapies are varied and depend on the severity of the symptoms: it is possible to choose a pharmacological path, minimally invasive therapies, classic or endoscopic surgical procedures.

When the symptoms are very important, such as the presence of blood in the urine, it is very likely that you opt for the surgery.

The interventions for the treatment of this pathology require the removal of part of the prostate tissue. The most common are:

  • trans-urethral endoscopic resection (TURP)
  • adenomectomy
  • laser interventions
  • As for the minimally invasive therapies, however, the most used are:
  • micro-waves (TUMT)
  • radiofrequencies (TUNA)
  • urethral endoprosthesis

Pharmacological therapies are indicated for the control and causes of prostate enlargement and provide for the assumption of: alpha-blockers, enzymatic inhibitors, and plant extracts. You might also read:

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